While Russia declared conflict at the Ottoman Empire in April 1877, it was once the 5th time throughout the 19th century that hostilities had damaged out among the 2 empires. in this celebration the opposite nice Powers had performed all they can to avoid it, even if public opinion within the West were surprised through Turkey's brutal repression of the Bulgarian rebellion. The struggle used to be to be fought in distinctive theaters. In Europe, as on past events, the Russian goal used to be to move first the Danube after which the ambitious Balkan Mountains ahead of impressive for Constantinople. In Asia, over territory additionally contested time and again earlier than, the Russians aimed to grab Kars after which Erzerum. at the start all went good for the invaders, the Turks making no severe try to carry the road of the Danube, whereas a thrust south via normal Gourko succeeded in crossing the Balkans by way of a go now not formerly thought of manageable. At Plevna, besides the fact that, the Russian strengthen stalled within the face of the made up our minds safety of where through the redoubtable Osman Pasha. In Asia, in the meantime, after preliminary luck, the Russian improve was once halted via defeat at Zevin. terrible strategic judgment at the a part of the Turks resulted in their failure to exploit the chance supplied by way of Osman, even after the Russians had suffered 3 bloody defeats at Plevna. finally, after town was once heavily invested, it fell to the besiegers. In Asia, the Turks suffered a tremendous defeat within the conflict of God's Mountain, and have been pushed again to Erzerum, whereas Kars fell to an excellent attack by means of the Russian forces. those defeats marked the start of the top for the Turks. via January 1878 the Russians have been over the Balkans in strength, and the final possible Turkish military was once surrounded and captured at Shenovo. Armistice negotiations resulted in a suspension of hostilities and to the treaty of San Stefano. the opposite nice Powers had watched the clash with mounting nervousness and have been decided to average the phrases of San Stefano which had imposed harsh stipulations at the Ottoman Empire. This, following tortuous diplomatic negotiations, they succeeded in doing on the Congress of Berlin in July 1878. This ebook, the 1st army historical past of the warfare in English for over a century, lines the process the campaigns, reading the numerous events on which the result of a conflict may have long past the wrong way, and the functionality of the opponents, either leaders and led. The ebook considers the level to which the events utilized the teachings of modern wars, in addition to the conclusions which may be drawn from the adventure of strive against with the most recent guns. It additionally explores the complex causes of the nice Powers commonly, and Britain particularly, in bringing a few ultimate cost, which postponed the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The author's specific textual content is observed through an intensive variety of black and white illustrations, a powerful colour plate part containing reproductions of work via artists resembling Vereshchagin, plus black and white and colour conflict maps. large orders of conflict also are supplied.