By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk grew to become the 1st president of Turkey in 1923, he set approximately reworking his kingdom right into a secular republic the place nationalism sanctified by way of science--and by means of the character cult Atatürk created round himself--would reign very best because the new faith. This booklet offers the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him in the old context of the turbulent age during which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the past due Ottoman imperial order to the trendy Turkish nation via his lifestyles and ideas.
laying off gentle on probably the most complicated and enigmatic statesmen of the fashionable period, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's formative years as a Muslim boy within the risky ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his schooling in nonreligious and army colleges, to his embody of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing younger Turks flow. Who was once this determine who sought glory as an formidable younger officer in global struggle I, defied the positive Allies motive on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the final sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's highbrow and ideological improvement at each degree of his existence, demonstrating how he used to be profoundly inspired through the recent principles that have been circulating within the sprawling Ottoman realm. He exhibits how Atatürk drew on a distinct mixture of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and different theories to style a grand utopian framework on which to construct his new nation.
Now with a brand new preface, this ebook presents the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder.