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Download PDF by Charles Stephenson: A Box of Sand: The Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912

By Charles Stephenson

This is the 1st ebook within the English language to supply an research of a clash that, in such a lot of methods, raised the curtain at the nice conflict. In September 1911, Italy declared battle at the as soon as powerful, transcontinental Ottoman Empire – however it was once an Empire in decline. The bold Italy made up our minds so as to add to her becoming African empire via attacking Ottoman-ruled Tripolitania (Libya). The Italian motion started the fast fall of the Ottoman Empire, which might finish with its disintegration on the finish of the 1st global warfare. The day after Ottoman Turkey made peace with Italy in October 1912, the Balkan League attacked within the First Balkan War.

The Italo-Ottoman battle, as a prelude to the extraordinary hostilities that will stick with, has such a lot of firsts and tips that could the grim destiny: the 1st three-d battle with aerial reconnaissance and bombing, and the 1st use of armored automobiles, working in live performance with traditional floor and naval forces; warfare fever whipped up by means of the Italian press; army incompetence and stalemate; classes in how to not struggle a guerrilla warfare; mass loss of life from ailment and 10,000 extra from reprisals and executions. Thirty thousand males could die in a fight for what may possibly defined as little greater than a scatolone di sabbia – a field of sand.

As acclaimed historian Charles Stephenson portrays during this ground-breaking examine, if there's an exemplar of the futility of conflict, this is often it. except the dying and the large fee to Italy (much greater than was once initially envisaged), the most consequence was once to halve the Libyan inhabitants via emigration, famine and casualties.

The Italo-Ottoman conflict was once a clash overshadowed by way of the nice struggle – yet one that in lots of methods presaged the horrors to return. A field of Sand might be of serious curiosity to scholars of army background and people with an curiosity within the historical past of North Africa and the advance of know-how in war.

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A Box of Sand: The Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912 by Charles Stephenson

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